Thursday, June 19, 2014

Maya Ball-courts (Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras)

What is often referred to as the Mesoamerican "ball game" is an ancient ceremony practiced by a variety of Prehispanic peoples across Mesoamerica and to this very day in parts of the Mexican state of Sinaloa (though in a modernized form). As you have likely heard, this "game" or ceremony had elements of ritualistic sacrifice, although the exact nature and circumstance of these sacrifices remains a matter of scholarly debate (with some arguing that the losers of the match were sacrificed, while other claim that this "honor" went to the victors). That being said it is important to keep in mind that many different forms or versions of this ritual where played out throughout Mesoamerica. It is also important to mention that although most ball-courts share similar elements, there is no dimensional uniformity to be found. Even the stone hoop through which the ball was to pass is not entirely universal as is demonstrated by the main ball-court of the great Maya city state of Copan which instead features Macaw heads as markers. While not all Maya cities featured ball-courts, most large ceremonial centers did (with large cities like Chichen Itza having more than ten).

Follow the link to a collection of photographs of ball-courts from across the Maya regions of Mexico and Central America.

* I posted the images on imgur instead of directly here on blogger since some of the photographs are very high resolution and the blogger up loader was being fussy.

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